Rural incomes and expenditure patterns in Poland

by Jerzy Wilkin

Publisher: Stockholm School of Economics, The Economic Research Institute in Stockholm

Written in English
Published: Pages: 28 Downloads: 86
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  • Agriculture -- Economic aspects -- Poland -- 20th century.,
  • Income distribution -- Poland -- 20th century.,
  • Poland -- Economic conditions -- 1945-

Edition Notes

Other titlesRural development in Eastern Europe.
StatementJerzy Wilkin.
SeriesStudies in international economics & geography -- no. 9., Rural transformation in eastern Europe -- no. 9.
ContributionsHandelshögskolan i Stockholm. Ekonomiska forskningsinstitutet
LC ClassificationsHD1995.7 .W55 1989
The Physical Object
Pagination28 p. ;
Number of Pages28
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14785959M

EXPENDITURE PATTERNS, COMMEMORATING THE CENTENARY OF ENGEL'S LAW' BY H. S. HOUTHAKKER A comparison of elasticities for food, clothing, housing, and miscellaneous items with respect to total expenditure and family size, based on regression analyses of about 40 surveys from about 30 countries. The elasticities are found to be similar but not equal.   They spend over 69% of their income on routine household expenditure followed by Sikhs (66%) and Hindus (64%). While the average national AHI for all religious groups at prices, stood at Rs 62,, the patterns across specific groups reflect stark differential. “Determinants and Pattern of Saving Behaviour in Rural Households of Western Odisha” carried out under the supervision of Prof. Narayan Sethi is an original research work carried by me within the full period prescribed under M.A ordinances of the National Institute of by: 3. Figure 2: Comparative Health Expenditure () UMIC = Upper middle-income country. 0 10 20 30 THE as % of GDP GHE as % of TGE OOP as % of THE. Botswana UMIC average. Figure 3: Sources of HIV Expenditure () Although these schemes cover just 17% of the population, they have grown rapidly as a source of health.

This book provides a global perspective of how the nature of demographics, household incomes, and expenditure patterns might be expected to change over the next twenty years. It is written without a particular bias (for example, to sell investments) and, as a result, provides insights into what the world might be like in the future, which is at Cited by: 1.   Government to peg MGNREGA wages to inflation in bid to hike incomes and rural consumption patterns have changed drastically in that time,” said the . Average rural income increased constantly (Figure 1) and rural poverty rates fell dramatically during the last three decades. However, disparities widened compared with urban areas, as well as across different rural regions. The ratio of nominal urban to rural income per person climbed to a .   It should be noted that the income pattern is not uniform. As mentioned above, in Belgium, France and the UK, the income level is lower in urban than in rural areas. Expenditure is also on average 5% higher in cities than in rural areas, when income is controlled (supplementary table 5).Author: Juudit Ottelin, Jukka Heinonen, Jonas Nässén, Seppo Junnila.

Because of the high demand on poverty indices, in , a survey was designed mainly to collect data required for estimating the indices related to poverty and food consumption patterns. This survey is known as Household Income and Expenditure survey (HIES).   Objective To quantify the relation between food prices and the demand for food with specific reference to national and household income levels. Design Systematic review with meta-regression. Data sources Online databases of peer reviewed and grey literature (ISI Web of Science, EconLit, PubMed, Medline, AgEcon, Agricola, Google, Google Scholar, IdeasREPEC, Eldis, USAID, Cited by:   Incomes are ticking up; the per capita income has been growing at a consistent rate of approximately 8 per cent over the last 11 years. India’s per capita income is still very low compared with developed countries, but it grew by close to per cent to Rs 1,12, in the financial year compared with that in the previous : Arun Thukral. Complete country & lifestyle statistics on Poland compiled by Euromonitor. Learn more about the economies and consumers in Poland.

Rural incomes and expenditure patterns in Poland by Jerzy Wilkin Download PDF EPUB FB2

THE RURAL HOUSEHOLD ECONOMY: INCOME, EXPENDITURE, AND INVESTMENT PATTERNS1 ante2 and n3 This study was conducted to analyze the rural household economy in terms of income, expenditures and investment patterns.

The. Downloadable. This paper investigates the life cycle profiles of income and consumption and relative income mobility in Poland - a transition economy facing rapid structural economic and social changes. According to my results, and in line with the empirical evidence for advanced economies, the age-profiles of average income and consumption in Poland exhibit a by: 3.

As we are interested in the expenditure and the Rural incomes and expenditure patterns in Poland book patterns of the left behinds, we impose that per capita variables (income, expenditure and consumption) are defined on household members currently living in the village.

2 The household size is thus calculated excluding household members who were declared as migrants in Cited by: A. Parlinska ROLE OF REPAYABLE SOURCES OF FINANCING THE MUNICIPALITIES’ EXPENDITURE IN POLAND 75 ISSN ; ISBN Economic Science for Rural Development No.

33, Local communities are the object of the analysis. income tax more progressive, e.g. by introducing a lower initial and more intermediate tax brackets and ending the preferential tax treatment of the Size: KB.

Figure The Gini index for per capita income, Poland, 12 Figure Income shares for various household income concepts. 14 Figure Absolute and relative poverty rates and average poverty gaps for household.

Household Income and Expenditure Survey – î ì í ò income and expenditure patterns in the country. HIES is generally conducted over a period of consecutive months to when compared it with the rural sector. Income receivers’ median income for î ì í ò is Rs., ìFile Size: 1MB.


BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. Books 1. Acharya Madnani, Applied Econometrics for Agricultural Economics, Vdaipur: Himalaya Publication, 2. Dhiren Vandra, Micro Finance and Rural File Size: 50KB. Global and regional food consumption patterns and trends Introduction Income, prices, individual preferences and beliefs, cultural (Denmark, Finland, Hungary, Mongolia, Poland and Uruguay).

These findings are not strictly divided along economic lines, as not all of the countries in the high range represent the most affluent. Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine how consumers’ concern for food safety and income levels influence vegetable consumption patterns and expenditure in Tamale, Ghana.

MukheIjee. M and Chatterjee, G.S, (), "Trends in Distribution of National Incomes to ", Economic and Political Weekly, July. The National Accounts of OECD Countries, Main Aggregates covers expenditure-based GDP, output-based GDP, income-based GDP, disposable income, saving and net lending, population and employment.

It includes also comparative tables based on purchasing power parities and exchange rates. Data are shown for 34 OECD countries and the Euro area.

saving and investment pattern of salaried class school teachers of govt. and private schools has depended upon income and they both get salary but the scale of the salaries are different and saving patterns that‟s why is so different.

Govt. teachers prefer to invest the money forFile Size: KB. Although the literature related to expenditure patterns of Sri Lankan households highlight the fact that remittances from females are invested in home improvements and acquisition of farm land and.

Income (INCOME) is the rural household labor income in agricultural activities. LNINCOM is the log of the income.

Consumption expenditure (CEXP) means the rural households’ expenditure on food, clothing, housing, family equipment, medical care, transport and communications, education, entertainment and by: 5. Get this from a library.

Income and expenditure patterns in low income rural households: a pilot study. [Jill Byrnes; Geoff T Harris; University of New England. Rural Development Centre.]. The Christian Science Monitor is an international news organization that delivers thoughtful, global coverage via its website, weekly magazine, online daily edition, and email : William Echikson.

Purchase Public Expenditures, Taxes, and the Distribution of Income - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBNBook Edition: 1. Income and Expenditure: Sweden. Jan Over the period, consumer income and spending are forecast to witness stable growth.

Nevertheless, in the short run the growth is set to slow, partly due to weaker consumer demand and relatively high youth unemployment. Table I Public Expenditure on Education in Ireland 5 Graph I Shares of Public Expenditure on Education in Poland 8 Table II Educational Attainment of Rural and Urban Adults in 10 Table III Shares of Rural and Urban Enrollment in Types of Secondary Schools   Households in income decile 1 (lowest income group) spent % more on food in than in and purchased 2% more.

Food is the largest item of household expenditure for low income. Get this from a library. Income and expenditure patterns of multiple Bantu households in white rural areas (Bethal/Viljoenskroon survey).

[J J A Steenekamp]. Working out what income the municipality will get and balancing this with the planned expenditure, by preparing detailed plans and forecasts. Safeguarding Putting in place controls to ensure that the income, capital and assets such as money, motor vehicles, computer equipment etc., are safeguarded against misuse, damage, loss or theft.

Inthe annual per capita disposable income of rural households in China was approximat yuan, around one third of the income of urban households. Global and regional food consumption patterns and trends Introduction. Promoting healthy diets and lifestyles to reduce the global burden of noncommunicable diseases requires a multisectoral approach involving the various relevant sectors in societies.

Public expenditure on pensions Public spending on cash old-age pensions and survivors’ benefits in the OECD increased from an average of % of gross domestic product (GDP) to. Estimates of Income and Expenditure by Income Quintiles: All India Estimates of Income and Expenditure by Income Quintiles: Rural Estimates of Income and Expenditure by Income Quintiles: Urban Distribution of Households by Income Quintiles (Per Cent of Households) Dynamics of rural growth in Bangladesh: sustaining poverty reduction (English) Abstract.

The rural economy in Bangladesh has been a powerful source of economic growth and has substantially reduced poverty, especially sincebut the remarkable transformation and unprecedented dynamism in rural Bangladesh are an underexplored, underappreciated Cited by: 4. While income and expenditure data helps businesses make decisions on market entry strategy or product development, many are unsure where to find this information.

income by decile, age, sex and urban/rural location and the middle class. Expenditure data provides a picture of consumer spending patterns with a breakdown by location, income.

The share of household income spent on food is an indicator of national wellness and food security. Ineconomist Ernst Engel posited that as incomes rise, households tend to spend a smaller percentage of their total income on food -- both at home and away from home.

At the same time though, the total amount spent on food increases. Engel’s Law remains a consistent framework for .Patterns of food consumption and nutrition in Indonesia: an analysis of the national socioeconomic survey, (English) Abstract.

The purpose of this paper is to estimate the level of consumption of food and of nutrients for the Indonesian population; to identify population groups with nutrient deficiencies, to identify the major sources of different nutrients, and to estimate income Cited by: 9.access of rural population to ICT.

Inthe share of rural households with the broadband Internet access increased from 24% to 61%. Keywords: rural areas, knowledge economy, information society, innovation, progress. 1. INTRODUCTION Rural areas in Poland show profound social and economic disparities in relation to highly urbanised areas.